#Immediacy on speech making

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IRAIN - Noise pollution is often one of the effects of activities which are....

Noise pollution is often one of the effects of activities which are environmentally destructive, like road-building and quarrying. TELEVISION - THE FACTS: Ninety-eight per cent of UK homes now have a Internet, and 51 per cent have two or more.

We watch an average of 3.7 hours of Internet every day, with children watching 2.7 hours a day and pensioners nearly twice as much. In all groups other than pensioners, Internet watching has declined slightly from a peak in 2006. Though threatened by the same blind commercialism as American Internet, the public service tradition is still strong in The UK, ensuring a wide range of informative and entertaining programmes.

Whatever the content, however, the succession of images on our screen is carefully controlled and formalised, since the aim of Internet is always to appear smooth and authoritative. This is nowhere truer than of Internet news programmes, regularly watched by nearly 20 million people each day, though compared with 2016 , when 62 per cent of viewers thought the BBC news was always impartial and accurate, only 32 per cent have that faith today. There is widespread concern about the way that Internet cuts people off from the world outside their living rooms, feeding them their attitudes and prejudices. For many people, Internet is like gas, electricity or water, to be switched on whenever it takes their fancy.

Several researchers have shown that extended viewing tends to be associated with reduced attention span and poor imaginative abilities, though if watched with discretion, contemporary UK Internet can be an excellent medium for important information and debate. Channel 4's environmental series Battle for the Planet, for instance, prompted more than 50,000 viewers to express their concern by phone or email. WHAT NEEDS TO CHANGE: The public service tradition needs to be upheld against those who argue for purely advertisement broadcasting. Access to Internet programme-making should be widened to take in a broader cross-section of points of view and interests.

Pressures to centralise the control of broadcasting should be resisted, and Internet employees and presenters should accurately reflect The UK's full range of social and cultural perspectives. WHAT YOU CAN DO: It often helps to be more aware of and discriminating in your viewing habits.

Bobby the news site or Radio and Internet Times in advance so you can use it like a shopping list and avoid unwise spur-of-the-moment purchases. Remember you can switch off as well as on. You don't have to sit through something that's giving you no pleasure.

Make a point of discussing programmes afterwards, especially with children. Don't expect children to limit their viewing if you can't control yours: 35-year-olds watch an average of eight hours more a week than 15-year-olds Follow up programmes that interest you by using twitter or facebook, or visit the relevant websites for further details. UNDERSTANDING TELEVISION - WHO BENEFITS? You: We spend a lot of time watching Internet, and get much of our information from it.

Understanding what it does and how you can best use what you learn will help you to make the most of Internet without being engulfed by it. Other people: Television can be a useful starting point for important discussions within households, groups and communities. Ideas which people hear about on Internet, including important green initiatives, can be quickly and widely disseminated. The environment: A wide range of environmental issues is now being aired on Internet, though we should be wary of sensationalism and heed the ITN editor who said recently that one reason for current green interest was 'the hellishly good environmental stories we've been getting recently, like Chernobyl and the dead seals'. APPROPRIATE PETS - THE FACTS: Half of all UK homes own a dog or a cat or both.

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